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Asustor NAS + Seagate IHM 硬碟健康預警防護

Asustor NAS 於前日發表最新版本的 ADM 3.0 正式版, 除了導入全新的 Web UI, 新增 Asustor EZ Connect 網際網路穿透連線模式以外, 其中一個亮點就是正式整合 Seagate IHM (Ironwolf Health Management) 硬碟健康管理系統.

Asustor ADM 3.0 官網連結
Seagate Iron健康管理(IHM) 官網

只要你的 Asustor NAS 使用 Seagate IronWolf(那嘶狼) or IronWolf Pro(那嘶狼 Pro) (註:現於 4TB(含)以上機種即支援 IHM), 於 NAS 系統運作期間, IronWolf HDD 即不斷的收集 HDD & NAS 運作的資訊, 當發現系統異常時能早一步通知 NAS 系統做出相應措施, 這其中包括針對硬碟運作的溫度, 震動, 訊號連接及資料讀寫的正確性等, 做到即時的監控,

這次實測是以 Asustor AS6404T NAS + 兩顆 Seagate IronWolf 那嘶狼 4TB 硬碟.


AS6404T 為採用 Apollo Lake CPU 4 bay NAS, 若搭配 IronWolf 10TB 硬碟x4, 最大可到 40TB 總容量.


IronWolf 4TB HDD 主板上搭載 RV Sensor(旋轉震動感測器), 能對多 bay NAS 硬碟運作時所產生的震動做出補償.



手上這台 Asustor AS6404T 已升級至最新的 ADM 3.0 正式版.


使用 Seagate IronWolf HDD, 即能在儲存管理員看到 '那嘶狼' 的 icon, 畫面上顯示該硬碟於 S.M.A.R.T. & IronWolf IHM 健康狀態都是 OK的.


於 [硬碟醫生]->[IronWolf 健康管理] 頁面可手動即時掃描 IronWolf 硬碟的健康狀態, 並可以設定排程每日定時檢測.


於儲存管理員除了增強模式的 IronWolf健康管理以外, 同樣的也支援 ATA 硬碟的 S.M.A.R.T. 資訊的讀取.


這是 HDD SMART info.


Seagate IronWolf & IronWolf Pro 除了增加了 IHM硬碟健康管理功能以外, 最重要的是 User 可以加購 Resuce 救援服務. 當硬碟發生故障無法讀取時, 最慘的是如果也沒有備份 (備份真的很重要, 一定要做, 而且要做多份), 那麼在購買那嘶狼硬碟同時, 可一併加購 Rescure 服務, 這算是一種保險的概念, 故障硬碟直接送至 Seagate Lab 實驗室. 對於硬碟實質硬體的損壞情況下, 原廠救回資料的成功率肯定比仿間資料救援公司高出許多.


Rescure 的(保險)服務的收費請直接參考 Seagate 官網, 以現時查詢一年內有效的 Rescure 服務, 只需 NT$150. 其實是蠻值得的.



Seagate IHM

Seagate IHM 透過 "預防->監測->回復" 三個流程來確保 NAS 裡的硬碟能正常的運作, 透過即時不斷的監測硬碟運作狀況, 並紀錄其狀態, 當發現運作有異常趨勢時馬上回饋給 NAS, 另外真正遇到硬碟完全損壞的情況下, 可透過 Rescure 服務直送原廠 Lab 執行資料救援.

這裡僅列出官網的兩個圖表, 說明傳統 ATA S.M.A.R.T. info 和 Seagete IHM健康管理的差別.

(取自官網)

於 Asustor 儲存管理員, 執行 IHM健康檢測時, 根據其回傳的結果即能得知硬碟的健康狀態.

(取自官網)


其實我有認真測試 Seagate IHM

自己想了很久怎麼去測試 Seagate IHM, 根據前面所提 IHM 是監測溫度,震動以及硬碟傳輸狀態來做出回應, 那麼多 bay NAS 最常會遇到的就是硬碟共震問題, 自己做了一個震動台來反應這種情況.

震源:


手機擺在 NAS 上面原本是正的, 持續的震動都震到歪掉了.


只能說 Seagate IronWolf 硬碟真耐用, 在如此的環境下跑了一整天, 其中並持續的不間斷讀寫, NAS & 硬碟還是運作正常.
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for power user

/dev/sg0 Seagate IronWolf 4TB (支援 IHM)
/dev/sg1 Seagate IronWolf 2TB (不支援IHM)



root@AS6404T-DE9F:/volume0/usr/builtin/sbin # ./SeaDragon_DHM_x86_64-asustor
===============================================================================
SeaDragon_DHM - Seagate drive utilities
Copyright (c) 2016 Seagate Technology LLC, All Rights Reserved
SeaDragon_DHM Version: 1.0.3-1_11_4 X86_64
Build Date: May 8 2017
Today: Sun Aug 27 14:30:42 2017
===============================================================================
Usage
=====
SeaDragon_DHM [-d <sg_device>] {arguments} {options}

Examples
========
SeaDragon_DHM --scan
SeaDragon_DHM -d /dev/sg? -i
Return codes
============
Generic/Common error codes
0 = No Error Found
1 = Error in command line options
2 = Invalid Device Handle or Missing Device Handle
3 = Operation Failure
4 = Operation not supported
5 = Operation Aborted
6 = File Path Not Found
7 = Cannot Open File
8 = File Already Exists
Anything else = unknown error

>=100 = CAUTIONS/WARNINGS
>=200 = CRITICAL ERRORS

For -w, --isWolf
50 = IRONWOLF device
51 = IRONWOLF PRO device

Utility arguments
=================
-s, --scan
-F, --scanFlags [option list]
-d, --device deviceHandle
-i, --deviceInfo
-t, --isSupported
-w, --isWolf
--SATInfo
--testUnitReady
--inputLog [path/HDD.SM2]
--sm2
Utility Options
===============
-v [0-4], --verbose [0 | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4]
-q, --quiet
-V, --version
--license
--echoCommandLine
-h, --help
--sat12byte
--onlySeagate
--modelMatch [model Number]
--onlyFW [firmware revision]
--forceSCSI
--forceATA
--outputPath [folder]
--outputFile [folder]

root@AS6404T-DE9F:/volume0/usr/builtin/sbin # ./SeaDragon_DHM_x86_64-asustor -s
===============================================================================
SeaDragon_DHM - Seagate drive utilities
Copyright (c) 2016 Seagate Technology LLC, All Rights Reserved
SeaDragon_DHM Version: 1.0.3-1_11_4 X86_64
Build Date: May 8 2017
Today: Sun Aug 27 14:30:46 2017
===============================================================================
Vendor Handle Model Number Serial Number FwRev
ATA /dev/sg0 ST4000VN008-2DR166 ZGY04xxx SC60
ATA /dev/sg1 ST2000VN004-2E4164 Z520Nxxx SC60

root@AS6404T-DE9F:/volume0/usr/builtin/sbin # ./SeaDragon_DHM_x86_64-asustor -d /dev/sg0 -i
===============================================================================
SeaDragon_DHM - Seagate drive utilities
Copyright (c) 2016 Seagate Technology LLC, All Rights Reserved
SeaDragon_DHM Version: 1.0.3-1_11_4 X86_64
Build Date: May 8 2017
Today: Sun Aug 27 14:31:56 2017
===============================================================================

sg0 - ST4000VN008-2DR166 - ZGY04H85
Model Number: ST4000VN008-2DR166
Serial Number: ZGY04xxx
Firmware Revision: SC60
World Wide Name: 5000C500A3080DD9
Drive Capacity (TB/TiB): 4.00/3.64
Native Drive Capacity (TB/TiB): 4.00/3.64
Temperature Data:
Current Temperature (C): 39
Highest Temperature (C): 41
Lowest Temperature (C): 28
Power On Time: 1 day 1 hour 16 minutes
Power On Hours: 25.27
MaxLBA: 7814037167
Native MaxLBA: 7814037167
Logical Sector Size (B): 512
Physical Sector Size (B): 4096
Sector Alignment: 0
Rotation Rate (RPM): 5980
Form Factor (inch): 3.5
Last DST information:
Time since last DST (hours): 16.27
DST Status/Result: 0x0
DST Test run: 0x1
Interface speed:
Max Speed (Gb/s): 6.0
Negotiated Speed (Gb/s): 6.0
Annualized Workload Rate (TB/yr): 696.18
Total Bytes Read (TB): 1.60
Total Bytes Written (GB): 407.10
Drive Reported Utilization (%): Not Reported
Encryption Support: Not Supported
Cache Size (MiB): 64.00
Read Look-Ahead: Enabled
Write Cache: Enabled
Low Current Spinup: Enabled
SMART Status: Good
ATA Security Information: Supported, Frozen
Zoned Device Type: Not a Zoned Device
Firmware Download Support: Immediate, Segmented, Deferred
Specifications Supported:
ACS-3
ACS-2
ATA8-ACS
ATA/ATAPI-7
ATA/ATAPI-6
ATA/ATAPI-5
ATA/ATAPI-4
SATA 3.1
SATA 3.0
SATA 2.6
SATA 2.5
SATA II: Extensions
SATA 1.0a
ATA8-AST
Features Supported:
Sanitize
NCQ
HPA
Power Management
Security
SMART [Enabled]
DCO
48bit Address
PUIS
APM [Enabled]
GPL
Streaming
Write-Read-Verify
Sense Data Reporting
SCT Write Same
SCT Error Recovery Control
SCT Feature Control
SCT Data Tables

root@AS6404T-DE9F:/volume0/usr/builtin/sbin # ./SeaDragon_DHM_x86_64-asustor -d /dev/sg1 -i
===============================================================================
SeaDragon_DHM - Seagate drive utilities
Copyright (c) 2016 Seagate Technology LLC, All Rights Reserved
SeaDragon_DHM Version: 1.0.3-1_11_4 X86_64
Build Date: May 8 2017
Today: Sun Aug 27 14:32:01 2017
===============================================================================

sg1 - ST2000VN004-2E4164 - Z520NCM9
Model Number: ST2000VN004-2E4164
Serial Number: Z520Nxxx
Firmware Revision: SC60
World Wide Name: 5000C5009373D04A
Drive Capacity (TB/TiB): 2.00/1.82
Native Drive Capacity (TB/TiB): 2.00/1.82
Temperature Data:
Current Temperature (C): 33
Highest Temperature (C): 48
Lowest Temperature (C): 20
Power On Time: 170 days 5 hours
Power On Hours: 4085.00
MaxLBA: 3907029167
Native MaxLBA: 3907029167
Logical Sector Size (B): 512
Physical Sector Size (B): 4096
Sector Alignment: 0
Rotation Rate (RPM): 5900
Form Factor (inch): 3.5
Last DST information:
DST has never been run
Interface speed:
Max Speed (Gb/s): 6.0
Negotiated Speed (Gb/s): 6.0
Annualized Workload Rate (TB/yr): Not Reported
Total Bytes Read (B): Not Reported
Total Bytes Written (B): Not Reported
Drive Reported Utilization (%): Not Reported
Encryption Support: Not Supported
Cache Size (MiB): Not Reported
Read Look-Ahead: Enabled
Write Cache: Enabled
Low Current Spinup: Disabled
SMART Status: Good
ATA Security Information: Supported
Zoned Device Type: Not a Zoned Device
Firmware Download Support: Immediate, Segmented
Specifications Supported:
ACS-2
ATA8-ACS
ATA/ATAPI-7
ATA/ATAPI-6
ATA/ATAPI-5
ATA/ATAPI-4
SATA 3.1
SATA 3.0
SATA 2.6
SATA 2.5
SATA II: Extensions
SATA 1.0a
Features Supported:
NCQ
HPA
Power Management
Security
SMART [Enabled]
DCO
48bit Address
PUIS
APM [Enabled]
GPL
Streaming
Write-Read-Verify
Sense Data Reporting
SCT Write Same
SCT Error Recovery Control
SCT Feature Control
SCT Data Tables

root@AS6404T-DE9F:/volume0/usr/builtin/sbin # echo $?
0
root@AS6404T-DE9F:/volume0/usr/builtin/sbin # ./SeaDragon_DHM_x86_64-asustor -d /dev/sg0 -t
===============================================================================
SeaDragon_DHM - Seagate drive utilities
Copyright (c) 2016 Seagate Technology LLC, All Rights Reserved
SeaDragon_DHM Version: 1.0.3-1_11_4 X86_64
Build Date: May 8 2017
Today: Sun Aug 27 14:34:13 2017
===============================================================================
sg0 - This drive (ST4000VN008-2DR166 ~ ZGY04xxx) is a supported Seagate device.

sg0 - ST4000VN008-2DR166 - ZGY04xxx

root@AS6404T-DE9F:/volume0/usr/builtin/sbin # ./SeaDragon_DHM_x86_64-asustor -d /dev/sg1 -t
===============================================================================
SeaDragon_DHM - Seagate drive utilities
Copyright (c) 2016 Seagate Technology LLC, All Rights Reserved
SeaDragon_DHM Version: 1.0.3-1_11_4 X86_64
Build Date: May 8 2017
Today: Sun Aug 27 14:34:20 2017
===============================================================================
sg1 - This drive (ST2000VN004-2E4164 ~ Z520Nxxx) is not a supported Seagate device.



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Seagate IronWolf 並不是全系列都支援 IHM, 這部份在選購時要特別注意, 現階段應該是 4TB(含) 以上的才有支援.

如下所示, 在 Asustor NAS 上安裝了 IronWolf 2TB & 4TB HDD, 其中 2TB 不支援 IHM, 於 IronWolf 健康狀態即不會回傳資料. 以空白表示.


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61度!

決定不再折騰這顆 IronWolf HDD.

算是在很惡劣的環境下, IronWolf 硬碟達到 61 度它還是運作的很好.(持續播放影片中)


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加購 Seagate Rescure service

決定為手上的 IronWolf HDD 加購救援服務. 二年才 us$9.99, 這硬碟保險真的很值得.



不過還是不要出險的好.
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